ISC Economics Class 12 Syllabus 2024-2025


The ISC Class 12 Economics syllabus for the academic year 2024-2025 is a comprehensive curriculum designed to provide students with a deep understanding of economic concepts, theories, and applications. As Economics is a critical subject that influences various aspects of life, mastering this subject is essential for students aiming to excel in their academic and professional careers. In this guide, we will outline the latest syllabus and present a strategic plan to help students achieve top marks.

Syllabus Overview

The ISC Class 12 Economics syllabus is divided into two main sections: Microeconomics and Macroeconomics. Each section covers various topics essential for a holistic understanding of the subject.


  1. Demand and Supply Analysis
    • Law of Demand and Elasticity of Demand
    • Law of Supply and Elasticity of Supply
    • Determinants of Demand and Supply
    • Market Equilibrium and Price Determination
  2. Theory of Consumer Behavior
    • Utility Analysis: Marginal Utility and Total Utility
    • Indifference Curve Analysis
    • Budget Line and Consumer Equilibrium
  3. Theory of Production and Costs
    • Production Function: Short Run and Long Run
    • Laws of Returns to a Factor and Returns to Scale
    • Cost Concepts: Fixed, Variable, Average, and Marginal Costs
  4. Market Structures
    • Perfect Competition
    • Monopoly and Monopolistic Competition
    • Oligopoly: Characteristics and Outcomes
    • Price Discrimination


  1. National Income Accounting
    • Concepts of GDP, GNP, NNP, NDP
    • Methods of Measuring National Income
    • Nominal and Real GDP
  2. Money and Banking
    • Functions and Types of Money
    • Role of Commercial Banks and Central Bank
    • Credit Creation and Monetary Policy
  3. Income Determination
    • Keynesian Theory of Income and Employment
    • Aggregate Demand and Aggregate Supply
    • Multiplier Effect
  4. Government Budget and the Economy
    • Components of Government Budget
    • Fiscal Policy: Objectives and Instruments
    • Budget Deficit and Public Debt
  5. Balance of Payments and Exchange Rate
    • Structure of Balance of Payments
    • Types of Exchange Rates
    • Foreign Exchange Market

Topper’s Plan

To achieve excellence in ISC Class 12 Economics, a strategic study plan is essential. Here’s a topper’s plan to help you maximize your performance:

1. Understand the Syllabus Thoroughly

Start by going through the entire syllabus. Make a list of all the topics and subtopics. Understanding the scope of the syllabus helps in planning your study schedule effectively.

2. Create a Study Schedule

Divide your time equally between Microeconomics and Macroeconomics. Allocate specific days for each topic and stick to the schedule. Consistency is key to covering the vast syllabus systematically.

3. Use Quality Study Materials

Choose textbooks and reference books recommended by your school or educators. Some of the highly recommended books include:

  • “Introductory Microeconomics” by Sandeep Garg
  • “Macroeconomics” by Sandeep Garg
  • ISC Economics Class 12 textbooks published by reputed publishers like Selina and Frank Brothers.

4. Take Detailed Notes

While studying, make detailed notes of important concepts, definitions, and diagrams. Highlight key points and formulas. These notes will be invaluable during revision.

5. Practice Graphs and Diagrams

Economics involves numerous graphs and diagrams, especially in Microeconomics. Practice drawing and labeling these accurately. Diagrams like the demand and supply curve, cost curves, and market structures are crucial.

6. Solve Previous Years’ Papers

Practice solving previous years’ question papers. This helps you understand the exam pattern, the type of questions asked, and the marking scheme. Time yourself while solving these papers to improve your speed and accuracy.

7. Revise Regularly

Regular revision is essential to retain what you’ve studied. Set aside time each week to go over previously covered topics. Use your notes for quick revisions.

8. Join Study Groups

Study groups can be very beneficial. Join or form a study group with classmates. Discussing and explaining concepts to others can reinforce your understanding.

9. Focus on Application-Based Questions

Economics often involves application-based questions. Practice these thoroughly as they test your understanding and ability to apply concepts to real-world scenarios.

10. Seek Help When Needed

Don’t hesitate to seek help from teachers or tutors if you’re struggling with any topic. Clarifying doubts promptly is crucial to maintaining a clear understanding of the subject.

11. Stay Updated with Current Affairs

Economics is closely related to current events. Stay updated with the latest economic developments, government policies, and global economic trends. This will help you relate theoretical concepts to practical situations.

12. Prepare for Viva Voce

For the practical examination, prepare well for the viva voce. Understand the practical applications of economic concepts, as you may be asked to explain them during the viva.

13. Maintain a Healthy Study Routine

Finally, maintain a healthy study routine. Take regular breaks, eat healthily, and ensure you get enough sleep. A healthy mind and body are essential for optimal performance.

Students Frequently Ask :- 

  1. Is Syllabus reduced for Class 12 in 2025?
  • The CISCE Board has decided to continue using the same syllabus as 2023-2024 in the ongoing academic session 2024-25.
  1. What is ISC Economics Syllabus Class 12 2024-2025?
  • To Download ISC Class 12 Economics Syllabus PDF for the 2024-25 session click the link below: 

2024-25 Latest Syllabus – ISC Class 12 Economics syllabus Download

  1. Is ISC hard or CBSE?
  • Till 10th, yes ICSE is tougher than CBSE but for 11th and 12th both are on the same level. Yes, there is a difference in the level of the exam. ISC Maths paper is easy compared to CBSE Maths but it is the other way around in Chemistry.
  1. Is 90 in ISC good?
  • 90+ is a great score. Then again, it all depends on what you’re going to do after the ISC.
  1. What is the weightage of ISC Economics Class 12?
  • Part A – Microeconomics for 40 marks and Part B – Macroeconomics for 40 marks. The rest 20 marks of weightage is given for the Project work by external teachers.


Mastering ISC Class 12 Economics requires a well-structured study plan, consistent effort, and a clear understanding of the syllabus. By following the topper’s plan outlined above, you can enhance your preparation and increase your chances of achieving top marks. Remember, Economics is not just about memorizing theories but understanding and applying them to real-world scenarios. Stay focused, practice regularly, and you will excel in your ISC Class 12 Economics examination. More Info…..

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